The world of gambling
The world of gambling faced with deceit and fraud almost since its inception. For centuries, the players broke brains over how to win big at the casino. The desire to destroy the casino, break a big jackpot, it was almost universal. Once on this occasion we expressed the world famous Albert Einstein put forward the idea that the only way to win at the casino is a dishonest way of: theft and fraud. This perception of the essence of the problem of forced players who want to earn a lot of money on the roulette wheel, to come up with new and new fraud schemes. However, it should also be said that the tendency to desire to cheat the casino, was born of the claims of many players to the casino policy, as well as many (sometimes fair) accusations against the gambling house. Indeed, in the early years of the casinos, the casino owners themselves come up with many ways to cheat the players not to pay them money if you win. Many casinos from Paris to New Orleans to hide from the players some of the specific details of the game on roulette, thus leaving space for himself in order to deceive unsuspecting players nothing. Yes, and it was designed to roulette wheels casino hosts all kinds of chips to win as often as possible dropped in favor of the casino read what he said.
By the early twentieth century, in connection with the declassification of many of the rules and tricks of roulette, the situation has changed dramatically: the gaming industry almost abandoned dubious manipulations, committed with intent to defraud players.
In turn, the players cheating the casino was not less (and sometimes more), sophisticated - the history of gambling (from the 19th century) knows that a lot of examples.
The famous player Joseph Jaggers fraudulently brushed casino in Monte Carlo due to a simple method of observation. Jaggers led to the casino six companions, who watched all the roulette tables in the institution. As a result, it became clear that one of the tables, the probability of getting a specific number is much higher than the average. At this table Jaggers and his team managed to win 300 thousand dollars. As a result, the casino sued him in court, as well as to fix the wheel to the number dropped randomly.
Technological progress has led to a complication of cheaters behavior strategies. In XX century, the casino roulette wheels have improved to get rid of problems with coincidental loss numbers. Transition occurred in the 80 years after the event in England, when American players were able to take advantage of defective tables. Manufacturers roulette wheels, such as John Huxley and George Melas, institutions deliver advanced wheel design since 1986. Technical innovation has pushed players and mathematicians to the invention of new ways to win guaranteed.
Gonzalo Garcia-Palaio used computer analysis and forecasting, to uncover new device roulette wheels. Garcia-Pelayo recorded the results of the games at the tables in the Spanish institution of the Casino de Madrid, then treated them with a computer program and calculated how numbers drop out more frequently than others. Having the statistical calculations, he made millions in this institution. In the mid-90s the Casino de Madrid tried to seize a prize, but he was not able to prove in court the wheel failure.
In recent years, attempts at fraud for roulette table attracted the attention of scientists and academics. In the 60 years the mathematician Claude Shannon introduced the idea of a computer program that predicts where the ball will land. The program can be installed on a small computer secretly beig casino. Shannon program to measured velocity of the ball and the wheel and on the basis of these data would be built on the assumption point where it stops. In 1991 Thomas Bass, in his book «The Eudaemonic Pie» wrote about college students who used a variant of Shannon's computer program to take advantage of the roulette table. In 2009, TV presenter Derren Brown used some elements of the theory of Shannon in the show dedicated to roulette. Brown put 5000 pounds on a number that, according to calculations based on physics, would most likely dropped. Brown was unlucky, however, he was one step away from winning: the ball was in the next room.